like me you need work layers in Photoshop any time saving measure is
a bonus. I have a compiled a short list of shortcuts for making the
best use of Photoshop’s layers for both the Mac and PC – Enjoy!
(Swap CMD for CTRL on Windows)
Change the layer order, move it up and down :
Cmd+[ Move Down
Cmd+] Move Up
Cmd+Shift+] = to move it to the bottom of the stack
Cmd+Shift+[ = Move it to the top of the stack
select a layer
move tool selected (V) hold Cmd
to highlight the
layers directly from the art board. This will also highlight groups.
Duplicate a layer
Ideal for copying a layer! Cmd + J to copy a selected layer! Or you can drag the selected onto the ‘New” icon! OR right click and duplicate – A personal fave.
addition to organizing you layers into folder and groups, why not
colour coordinate the layers so you glance at groups? Brown for dirt,
green for sea etc. Right click and select a colour.
New Layer Cmd+Shift + N brings up the new layer dialogue.
Cycle Through Blend Modes
to see what a multiply, saturation, or overlay will look like on the
+ (Minus or plus, top right of the keyboard)
Layer Opacity With the layer selected you can quickly change its opacity by pressing >
Shift + (Minus or plus, top right of the keyboard) Shift + 22, 30, 23 (a number from the top row) typing the number in quick succession will change the layers opacity percentage. Hold shift and then press “22” the layer will be 22% “30” = 30 %.
Very handy for digital painting or retouching.
your layers and press Cmd + G to
group them together. If you are not grouping your numerous layers…
you should start. For sanity’s sake.
The original text for this was created and added to blogger in 2016 (Jimm Odell Blog). This has since been tweaked and added to this blog – the professional blog.
businesses and potential clients… this post is for you!
This post covers 3 simple ways for you to build a website for free, or almost free. This article is ideal for start-ups, hobbyist’s and individuals looking to start small and work their way up with their online presence. All you need is a computer and access to the internet.
This post will cover the pros and cons of each system based on tried and tested experience.
should be noted I am not affiliated with these companies
How to get your free website up and running | Start building your website!
1 ) Use Blogger
heard of Blogger? Blogger (blogspot) has been around for years and is
part of Google. With Blogger, you can create your website
or blog completely free – today, right now! And yes, it’s pretty easy to use.
Blogger is fine if you are looking to create a simple blog as a hobbyist or put something together quickly for a friend or relative. I have used Blogger as part of my ‘hobby and general stuff’ website which I treated as a creative / personal dumping ground. You can see my personal blog here.
isn’t solely for amateurs. I have seen great examples of Blogger
being used by professional and semi-professionals, despite
it being a free platform. Generally speaking, Blogger is used more by hobbyists than
Due to Blogger’s low point of entry, it is a magnet for homemade, freebie and hobbyist blog creators. Few websites buck this trend with this platform by offering tremendous value and great content.
Thiswebsite is great example of what can be achieved with some dedication and will power. The website – Print & Pattern – comes with a jobsboard, products and other pieces of information centred around graphic and surface pattern design.
I doff my cap… If I had one!
might also be worth mentioning that you can also monetise your
Blogger very easy using Adsense if you
are considering earning some money on the side. You will need a lot of traffic to come to your website
before you see anything from Adsense.
Blogger Pros :
– FREE – Blogger is free. You can set up an account today and start writing about your hobby pretty much right away.
– It’s reasonably easy to use – Blogger is relatively straight forward to use. Buttons in the left hand navigation show what is what. All you need to do is Create a “new post” and type away – as easy as that although it is not without flaws.
– Can be polished – with a bit of thought and a lot of application you can make your Blogger look quite professional.
– No fuss – You can set up a Blogger website quickly, you don’t need a coding guru to help.
Blogger Cons :
Typically regarded as unprofessional – if you are using a Blogger for a business website it can be regarded
as being amateurish. Blogger websites tend to have a dated appearance
and people can more often than not tell something looks a bit ‘Home
made’. In business, making a good impression is important and you
want avoid ‘Homemade’. Not all ‘Bloggers’ are created by amateurs but
many do use this platform as it is free. If you must use Blogger,
dress it well – very well – I would go as far as trying to
disguise it otherwise your blog may say : “business run from a
shed”. If you don’t expect to make money or use it for business
code – know how I said to try and ‘dress it’? Now imagine trying to dress an
excited squirrel! Well It certainly won’t put it’s arms into the
sleeves and neither will Blogger when it comes to making a pretty
post! The code and interface can be very awkward to use if you are
trying tweak the alignment, paragraph, bold lettering etc it can
reduce you to tears, and crash. It also adds a lot of junk HTML to
your article making it needlessly difficult to tailor in code view.
Many hours have been wasted trying to make it play fair.
You don’t really own it – Although it is free to use and as a free tool it is pretty good, it’s not your intellectual property. Should your Blogger be closed for some reason you will loose all of your content with it. For ‘free’ you will relinquish control and imagine loosing 5 years worth of posts. Back up your content if you decide use Blogger.
SEO – although it’s not bad, I’m not convinced about it’s friendliness towards being seen by the search engines.
Blogger Verdict :
good for hobbyists, it’s free but there are other options which I would consider over Blogger.
Generally, if you want a professional presence I would use better
out of 5 : 1 = Poor 5 = Excellent
Cost = 5 Ease of use = 2 Creation Efficiency = 1 Set Up = 4 Quality Of Websites = 3 Value = 2
Total = 17
gets some unjust stick. Developers scoff at it because it is a website builder which can be used my non-coders – listen other Developers, WIX
isn’t too bad! And if you are strapped for money and just starting
out then maybe consider this as possible option in the beginning. WIX
allows you to visually drag and drop your website together to create
a design that you may not vomit over! You can even add the odd bit of code here and there to extend to
well and good but why use it?
can allow you layout items on a webpage how you want them! Imagine
using something like Microsoft publisher, Photoshop or a graphics
program to create a website. If your online presence or website is in
it’s early stages, you may just need something very simple to chuck
online or perhaps you want to get a website live for a friend or a relative.
WIX can suit both! And you don’t need to be Developer.
For cheap, (not free) WIX is possible option. Here are my shared experiences of the WIX website builder.
Wix Pros :
Neat – It all comes in one tight little package with many design options. Design with it – It’s great for non-techies or developers. *You can use the drag and drop interface to create a website the way you want it – a big although
Cheap – WIX comes with a range of pricing plans to suit many budgets, it also comes with it’s own hosting packages.
Cool features – It comes with some nice little integrated features such a mail-list manager and an easy to use image library, you can also create a basic shop with it.
Visual Designer – It’s great if you like to create websites visually, but please note – not for creating graphic design and banners. These elements will should to be created by a Designer or somebody with access to design tools.
*Although – Websites are not ‘as is’ static items anymore, you can’t treat them as you would a drawing or a piece print. It’s best to regard website as a piece or informational water when it comes to the layout. This information fluid or titles, boxes and elements which should move to fill the screen size. The launch of the smartphone essentially has pushed your static website design to near extinction.
The responsive design is sub-par – arguably worse than Blogger. As a non-dev you may be wowed initially by how easy it is to use, but what you see, isn’t what you get. Inside WIX there is a button in the navigation menu which allows you to set up a mobile version of the website… (Yes, you have to construct 2 versions of your website) the mobile version isn’t as standard so you have to create 2 static versions of your website. It isn’t very good at handling ‘fluid’ layouts when I last used it.
Build twice, takes twice as long – Further to the point, you have to build twice or suffer a website that will not work properly on a smartphone. Eg can’t read text without zooming with fingers etc. This bad user-experience will be passed onto your customers.
Clumsy fluid layout – As a designer this would be something I would pick up on. The default desktop website can have some somewhat awkward behaviour when it comes to viewing the website in different browsers. Fluid and responsive websites are not easy to build, and WIX certainly hasn’t mastered this yet.
Slow Down – If you have a large webpage with lots of elements and content this can overwhelm the WIX builder. You will find as you are dragging (pushing) elements around they start to lag and stick. This can become very frustrating if you are trying to work toward a tight deadline in a busy or demanding environment.
limited control with deeper development issues – With using a website builder such as WIX you surrender building more accessible a technically proficient website. It’s also trickier to get into the real nuts and bolts to solve somewhat basic issues.
Wix Verdict – Jack of all
and cheerful and great for non-techies. This user-friendly website
builder is good if your are starting out. I have seen WIX used for
straight up brochure and small scale websites with great results and
if you are on shoe string it could be something to consider. WIX is
nice to use, quite slick and an intuitive piece of online software!
Not the cheapest, but ok.
– just to the stress this from the previous point. Sometimes,
people think websites are static and they adopt their thinking to an
archaic approach to website design. Websites are no longer static and
it is best to avoid a website design in this way. If you would like
to know more about this feel free to send an
out of 5 : : 1 = Poor 5 = Excellent
= 3 Ease of use = 5 Creation Efficiency = 3 Set Up =
4 Quality Of Websites = 2 Value = 3
WordPress is Free
has been available for years! It has grown a very large and loyal
following that are building better product everyday. WordPress
is completely free to use,
its open source and has a large community of developers and agencies
available to help. If you have your own domain and hosting, using WP
is as simple as downloading and implementing it yourself. Certain
hosting companies come with one Click
installer which can make installing very straight forward but this isn’t the
case for all hosting companies.
you don’t have hosting or a domain you can also set up your WP
hosting complete free – WordPress > don’t panic!
can create very powerful website using
comes with a very large library of resources to build different types
of websites; stores, blogs, brochure sites, downloads sites, ticket
software etc etc – it’s vast and WordPress has gone way beyond
being just a blogging tool!
is integrated with many 3rd party companies which range from over automated email systems to
analytics. There is also themes which turn WP into a visual website
builder. All this plus the features mentioned before.
Hackers like it – being a victim of it’s own success and a large proportion of websites being made using WordPress, it’s a hackers paradise. If you have a very large scale website perhaps other options are better to consider.
Plugin’s can break – Although there are 1000’s of plugins on the WP market place some of them can fail over time if they are not maintained.
Needs to be maintained – WordPress needs TLC occasionally. Pay attention to your dashboard or email notifications if you need to update you current version of WP or its plugins.
Set up – WordPress can be a challenge from time to time when trying to install it on your own host. This can range from obscure incompatibilities or ‘access’ not being configured properly
Tricky to change – The default version of WP can be tricky to tailor without knowing your way around CSS or downloading a plugin. This is where using a developer could come in use if you decide to use WordPress.
Used a lot – due to a lot of websites using WordPress website can start to feel the same.
& Powerful – WordPress is always pushing forward with it’s technology and it’s
developer community are always improving the platform.
Community – WordPress comes with large pool of knowledgeable developers
creating new functions and extending the function of the default
software through plugins and themes which can either be purchased or
downloaded for free.
for no or low budget (FREE) – you can create a professional and functional website with default
you like with it, more or less – create your website today on your
own domain and hosting you and can do what you choose with it – isn’t that
Simple to use – It comes with a reasonably easy to use ‘dashboard’ – not too dissimilar to Blogger.
Plugins and Themes – Just too much awesome to list. Also a lot of dross but there is
essentially a candy store of added functions to select from.
Rating out of 5 : : 1 = Poor 5 = Excellent Cost = 5 / (*1 ) Ease of use = 4 Creation Efficiency = 4 Set Up = 3 Quality Of Websites = 5 Value = 5
Total = 26 / (*22)
variable due to free VS paid. As this article is about free and low
budget website solutions the score jumps from free to expensive
depending on whether you need a dev to help you.
WordPress Verdict : Great Value, Great quality
is a good platform and worth considering if you want some flexibility
in what functions come with your website and whether you want to
change it at a later date. You may require developer to help you in
the beginning but after that, your WP site is yours to do with as you
That’s all! 3 Simple ways for getting a website online – in detail.
I hope this will offer some insight! If you are needing a Graphic Website Designer to help out with creating your business send me a message or if you have any queries about the listing above – also get in touch and will try my best to answer!
This article was written to give some guidance as how to go about creating a free website. This is based on my skills and experience. The opinions, based on my experience, are ‘my opinions’ and not that of others. Please bare in mind when making your business decisions on you website that you have considered what has been written and do your research thoroughly.
The scores were created for a bit of fun.
The platforms listed are tools. It’s down to you to offer great experience and value to the person reading it.
Maintaining a large bespoke website can be very time consuming. Using “include” can take the website to the next stage of modular design.
Imagine having to write 1 line of code into a ‘php’ file instead of having to copy & paste the same piece of code across 70 or so pages, worse still… imagine that piece of code had a typo – across all 70 pages! You would have to go back and amend all of the pages and it would be a costly waste of time!.
Using PHP include can reduce the time consuming method of copy and paste, shorten time and take your website to that next stage of design (Or look at a CMS system but that is a different topic). With the php Include method, the information you amend in one file can change across multiple webpages with a simple save and upload. To name a couple of ideas, you can use this method for navigation, footers, banner adverts and much more. I cannot emphasise how much easier this will make your life when working on larger projects if you must take the bespoke method. Change once to update many!
It will save hours!!!
Getting start with PHP include
As a basic example we are going to make a footer. We will have a master or ‘main’ document that will “include” – pull in, integrate, import a file from your website.
This tutorial/experiment will assume you already have prior knowledge of setting your website up with root folders etc, if you need some more help with this please follow these tutorials.
– The main file (The parent/master) – An external footer file (why not add some styling to your html?) – one line of code, which you will embed into the parent folder. – A space to upload/test your experiment. (domain and hosting)
Stage 1 – Parent File (Master)
The ‘Parent’ (master) will pull in the external files to construct the page. in this example. The master will have some code in the bottom of the pagethat will say ‘Hey footer, you included down here’.
Why not call your parent file ‘master.php’
This image shows (with straying CSS, bleurgh! sorry an old image ) the master.php and Product-footer-test.html working together… or popping out of the bottom.
Stage 2 – Footer File
I have used the footer in the example. This area of the website at my previous company used to have frequent updates, with new products being added constantly. As you can see, all styling is added to this queasy example with the accursed table by using CSS – the image below is the bare bones of the footer file – no bells, no whistles! ( Why did I use the horrible table back in the day… I groan).
If completed correctly, changes or modifications to the footer file, will be included in the master file once you add the “include” piece of code to the master file. So what you change here (the footer file) will be visible once you come to uploading all of the files and testing the file.
How you treat you footer is down to you, this tut is here to show you the principle.
Stage 3 – The Simple Piece of Code to Paste Into Your Master PHP file
The image below shows in red where the piece of “include” code sits. So, imagine you have made a hollow space on your webpage, in the hollow space you are going to add this code to the bottom. As shown.
The line of code above which has been inserted into the bottom of your master file will call on the footer module and all of its elements. Once you upload your files you can see whether the footer has worked! Oh and check you have saved everything!
The visual diagram below will visually show how the principle works – leaving aside how the coding works for the PHP include.
Summary of PHP include in action
In a nutshell. You have a the parent (the main page) and a child, in this example it was the footer. 2 elements talking to each other. Thank you for reading.
Hey, need a hand with your website?
There’s other methods to get the results you want which may be even more effective if you are a non-coder. You can use a web builder, a CMS or something else. If you would like help you can find out more on the design website
So… how to make an easy Photoshop brush in 5 simple steps
Ever wanted to make a Photoshop brush? It’s fairly straight forward, this little tutorial will have you making your custom brushes in no time! You will be defining a brush, adding it to your palette and then, all going well, using your newly defined brush in your projects! Lets draw a shape on black on a white background shall we?
1 ) Open Photoshop and make a new document – 300 x 300 px and 72 DPI for good measure, make sure the background is set to white.
2 ) Working in black and white (Shortcut ‘D’ for black and white) draw your brush shape (in black) onto your new document. Remember your brush shape needs to be dark /black when you come to creating your brush. For the sake of this little tutorial I have made mine a solid brush. Little splat below and yes feel to use it in your project.
3 ) Either by using the marquee tool or Apple + ‘a’ to select all (CTRL + A for windows). If you have selected the brush you want to define, you can go to the next step!
4 ) Go Edit > scroll down to ‘Define Brush Preset’ and click on it!
5 ) label your brush, I called this one ‘blob’.
Well done, you should now have designed your very own custom brush and saved it to your library.
If you press F5 to look at your brush palette, you will see the brush you have just made at the bottom of your library. Why not open a new document and test out your newly created Photoshop tool, make ink splats, draw faces this is just to set your onto the path of making more awesome brushes.
Thank you for reading, if you would like some help with a project in Photoshop you can always drop me a line! Freelance Photoshopper!
I have been asked questions on a couple of occasions about topics aside from being a creative thinker. I have worked with a couple of clients from all shapes and sizes and I am now going to offer some points from my own experiences. So I hope this helps.. (please excuse my poor spelling)
1) Agreement / Plan – Before you jump into a project make sure to get some form of written agreement to the client declaring what it is they will get for their budget in concise – detailed – bullet points, this will prove to be invaluable to you later on. A written agreement in the early stages lays down a project plan and what the client will get for their money and time. You don’t want to surprise the client at last stage with over spending their budget and ignoring their needs.
Agreements will also protect you as the designer from “feature packing”, feature packing is when a client would ask you to produce one poster for the same budget and then somewhere in the middle they try to slip a business card design or and extra webpage without wanting to pay for the extra time. Be careful about verbal agreements too, I have agreed to a project with a vague specification from a client only for it to back fire at a later date, make sure to talk it through in some detail first without dropping the final price into the conversation.
Don’t : “Hello Jeff could you design a booklet for me” and of course you’d jump at the opportunity and say “yes, great will do for £20”. Great, done and dusted….that quick, you’d be lucky. You will find yourself in probable situation whereby the client keeps changing there mind, adding elements to the project and continuous criticism about the the project. You don’t wont to hear the words “that’s not what we have agreed”, because that’s what you said on the phone, remember? That’s an example of being too quick to take the project and not talking it through. Do : “Could you design a poster for me?” “yes, what size, when, who, colours, time scale, budget in mind”? that is a rough example.
In the event you don’t talk it through, you may get these freelance symptoms : Loss of trust from your client, time consumption, delayed payments, loss of future projects, a headache, foul language, muttering under your breathe, morale. So : Get the written spec if possible> Discuss > Plan Declare > Agree > Begin
2) Deposits – There are many valid reasons for asking for deposits, make sure to tie this into your agreement. A deposit can act as confirmation for a project, this will guarantee your client is serious about investing into your time and skill. It will also confirm the start date for a project and you will find the project moves quickly. If a client starts to foam at the mouth about paying you a deposit I’d be weary, It could mean they don’t have the money, or don’t want invest in your time and effort. (Please only use this part as a guide, some companies may have a policy where they only pay on completion, use your instinct. I find this works for me.)How much is down to you.
Perks of the deposit are as follows : Acts confirmation for you and the client, pays for you to work through the project, protects you if the project is canceled, could keep you going until the far off completion date.
3) Price – Take into consideration what your price could be saying about your service, although many clients may want something for cheap this can also work against you (the designer). Could knocking the price down to %20 (or cheap by the current market) mean you are desperate, inexperienced or easy pickings? possibly from experience, by all means don’t be greedy, but don’t be too be cheap either. Being too cheap can say you lack confidence in your workmanship and will work for anything. (If you are a graduate have the take it where you can get it attitude, if its good for the folio.) Type into Google “salary calculator” or sign up to designweek.co.uk, better still, buy a design week and feel the printy paperness between your finger tips!
4) Book keeping – Always keep hold of your receipts, bank statements etc. As a freelancer you will need to fill out a self (assessment) form ether digitally or printed stating your earnings at the end of the tax year (April – to – April). Please take into account if you a you have a paye job, this will also add to your total earnings. Take into consideration at an early stages of freelancing and store some money to to pay your taxes and national insurance contributions, even better save your self some hassle and get an accountant.(I really should do that) Type in self assessment in the revenue and customs website all call their hotline to talk to someone who knows more about the accounting side of things.
5) Communicate – This may sound like a cop out, but the “communication is the key” (or what ever) cliche really is the key. Talk to the client and respond to their needs. Take pride and joy in the project and this will really help you shine. The client will also be more will be more inclined to give future projects as you are enthusiastic about what you do . Think it all through and every body ‘should’ be happy.
I hope you can extract some juiciness from this little article and helps you to avoid bulging temple veins!
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